Everyone, irrespective of gender, want flawless clear skin with fair and bright complexion without blotch and dark spots. But free radicals, pollution, stress, unhealthy lifestyle, hormonal changes and sun exposure can damage your skin leading to pigmentation and dark spots. Some people may have birthmarks, dark patches, and other pigments leading to a darker or uneven skin tone. Pigmentation is basically the presence of dark (hyperpigmentation) patches on the skin. It is a common concern which is harmless. But it can definitely give sleepless nights and anxiety to those who desire a bright, fair and even skin tone.
Let us understand what gives the skin its colour and complexion. Our skin has a pigment called melanin which gives skin its colour. Melanin also protects our skin from the damaging effects of sun rays. More melanin means darker skin tone. The more our skin is exposed to sunrays, the more melanin is produced leading to skin tan, darker patches or pigmentation. The increase in melanin makes even fairer people look darker when they spend too much time under the sun. Skin may also begin to look darker due to other reasons including sunburn, pollution, hormones, aging, nutrient deficiency and smoking etc.
Skin whitening or skin lightening, is a cosmetic procedure that aims to lighten dark areas of skin or achieve a generally fairer and lighter skin tone. It whitens and lightens the skin enhancing the texture and tone of the skin to give a more youthful look. Skin-lightening procedures work by reducing the concentration or production of melanin in the skin. This can be achieved with Laser treatment, Chemical Peeling, Microdermabrasion, Photo-rejuvenation and various other skin rejuvenation treatments based on medical assessment. Laser Skin Lightening treatment can also be used for removing birthmarks, dark patches, and other pigments which are permanent making your skin look clearer and fairer.
Skin whitening treatment does not mean that an inherent dark skin type will become white. It means that suitable ‘whitening’ treatments for a dark skin type will enhance the texture and tone of the skin to reflect a more youthful look. It is a misconception that skin whitening treatments will ‘whiten’ the skin.